Muddy and Sandy Shores

These shores can sometimes look barren and inhospitable, but are far from it. All that sand and mud means surface area for bacteria to attach to and many shellfish, worms and crustaceans have learnt to make this home. You can tell that life is rich by noticing all the feeding birds, especially in the winter. There are many ways animals live in these types of habitats and some animals provide attachments for lots of other creatures. Taking care of these places means the life within and on top of the surface is safe.

How to interact with Muddy and Sandy Shores


Estuaries & beaches

Gwylio bywyd gwyllt

Welsh seas are full of amazing wildlife  

How to look after Muddy and Sandy Shores

Low tide can expose some very rare and vulnerable habitats, such as seagrass beds and honeycomb tube worm ‘reefs’. If you are out on these mudflats, walk around these habitats rather than over them.
When the tide is in, reduce your speed if crossing over seagrass beds in a powered craft and avoid dropping anchor in these areas.
If you are bait digging on mudflats at low tide, help the habitat thrive by never taking more than you need and always backfilling the hole you have dug.
The critters that live in and on muddy and sandy shores provide a vital food source for the special birds that visit and live here.
Please be careful not to disturb waders and wildfowl feeding on the shore, especially in winter time.